###### DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN

**Unit-I: Designing with Programmable Logic Devices**

Designing with Read only memories – Programmable Logic Arrays – Programmable Array logic – Sequential Programmable Logic Devices – Design with FPGA’s– Using a One-hot state assignment,

State transition table- State assignment for FPGA’s - Problem of Initial state assignment for One –Hot encoding - State Machine charts – Derivation of SM Charts – Realization of SM charts – Design Examples –Serial adder with Accumulator - Binary Multiplier – Signed Binary number multiplier (2’s Complement multiplier) – Binary Divider – Control logic for Sequence detector – Realization with Multiplexer – PLA – PAL.

**Unit-II: Fault Modeling & Test Pattern Generation**

Logic Fault model – Fault detection & Redundancy- Fault equivalence and fault location –Fault dominance –

**Single stuck at fault model – Multiple stuck at fault models –Bridging fault model**Fault diagnosis of combinational circuits by conventional methods – Path sensitization techniques, Boolean Difference method – Kohavi algorithm – Test algorithms – D algorithm, PODEM, Random testing, Transition count testing, Signature analysis and test bridging faults.

**Unit-III: Fault Diagnosis in Sequential Circuits**

Circuit Test Approach, Transition Check Approach - State identification and fault detection experiment, Machine identification, Design of fault detection experiment.

**Unit-IV: PLA Minimization and Testing**

PLA Minimization – PLA folding, Fault model in PLA, Test generation and Testable PLA Design.

**Unit-V: Minimization and Transformation of Sequential Machines**

The Finite state Model – Capabilities and limitations of FSM – State equivalence and machine minimization – Simplification of incompletely specified machines.

Fundamental mode model – Flow table – State reduction – Minimal closed covers – Races, Cycles and Hazards.

**TEXT BOOKS:**

1. Fundamentals of Logic Design – Charles H. Roth, 5

^{th}ed., Cengage Learning.2. Digital Systems Testing and Testable Design – Miron Abramovici, Melvin A. Breuer and Arthur D. Friedman- John Wiley & Sons Inc.

3. Logic Design Theory – N. N. Biswas, PHI

**REFERENCES:**

1. Switching and Finite Automata Theory – Z. Kohavi , 2

^{nd}ed., 2001, TMH2. Digital Design – Morris Mano, M.D.Ciletti, 4

^{th}Edition, PHI.3. Digital Circuits and Logic Design – Samuel C. Lee , PHI

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