ISRO 2015 Electronics

1. Electron mobility of the following intrinsic elements in descending order is a. GaAs, Ge, Si

b. GaAs, Si, Ge

c. Si, Ge, GaAs

d. Ge, Si, GaAs

2. A sample of Si is doped with 10

^{17}donor atoms/cm

^{3}. Considering electron mobility in the doped Si as 700 cm

^{2}/V-sec, the approximate resistivity of the doped Si is

a. 1 Ω-cm

b. 10 Ω-cm

c. 0.1 Ω-cm

d. 100 Ω-cm

3. Common base current gain of a PNP bipolar transistor is 0.99. The common emitter current gain of the transistor is

a. 101

b. 0.01

c. 99

d. 1.0

4. The electrical conductivity of a semiconductor increases when a radiation of wavelength shorter than 1000 nm is incident on it. The band gap of the semiconductor is

a. 2.4 eV

b. 1.2 eV

c. 3.4 eV

d. 4.0 eV

5. The voltage across the resistor R is

6. The effective resistance faced by the voltage source is

a. 4 Ω

b. 12 Ω

c. 3 Ω

d. 16 Ω

7. Common emitter DC current gain of the transistor is 100. The current through the Zener diode (assuming VBE of the transistor is 0.7 volts) is

a. 10.3 mA

b. 19.3 mA

c. 20 mA

d. 40 mA

8. The circuit is with an ideal operational amplifier with ±10 volts supply. The output voltage is

a. – 200 mV

b. – 400 mV

c. – 600 mV

d. – 300 mV

9. A step voltage of 10 volts applied to the circuit at t=0. The current through the resistor R just after t=0 and at steady state are

a. 100 mA, 50 mA

b. 50 mA, 50 mA

c. 100 mA, 100 mA

d. 75 mA, 75 mA

10. which of the following addressing mode is not usable in XCH instruction of 8051 microcontroller?

a. Direct Addressing

b. Indirect Addressing

c. Register Addressing

d. Immediate Addressing

11. In a binary source, 0’s occur three times as often as 1’s. What is the information contained in the 1’s?

a. 0.415 bits

b. 0.333 bits

c. 3 bit

d. 2 bit

12. Spectrum of a signal x(t), sampled at period T, is given by

13. A bandpass signal occupies the bandwidth 390 kHz to 410 kHz. What minimum sampling frequency would you use from the options given below, so as to avoid aliasing?

a. 40 kHz

b. 820 kHz

c. 41 kHz

d. 800 kHz

14. A 12 bit ADC has input signal range of ± 1 volt. The signal to quantization noise ratio if a sine wave signal with 0.25 volts peak voltage is given as input is:

a. 62 dB

b. 72 dB

c. 74 dB

d. 48 dB

15. Identify the modulation schemes for the signal constellation diagram shown

a. ASK

b. MSK

c. FSK

d. QAM

16. Which of the following modulating scheme requires minimum power for transmission?

a. QPSK

b. 8 – PSK

c. 16 – QAM

d. 64 – QAM

17. Which of the following channel coding scheme helps in correcting burst errors?

a. CRC

b. Convolution Coding

c. Viterbi

d. Reed-Solomon

18. A 70 MHz carrier is QPSK modulated by a 1.544 Mbps T1 data stream. The transmitter employs a raised cosine filter with α = 0.2. What is the transmitted bandwidth of the signal?

a. 3705.6 kHz

b. 1852.8 kHz

c. 308.8 kHz

d. 926.4 kHz

19. If two tones f

_{1}and f

_{2}are amplified by a non-linear amplifier, which frequency components would be present in output?

a. f

_{1}, f

_{2}

b. f

_{1}, f

_{2}, f

_{1}+ f

_{2}, f

_{1}- f

_{2}

c. f

_{1}+ f

_{2}, f

_{1}- f

_{2}

d. nf

_{1}± m f

_{2}, where n and m are intergers

20. A phase locked loop with a first order loop filter can track

a. phase offset

b. frequency offset

c. frequency offset rate

d. amplitude variation

21. The noise figure of a device is 2. If input SNR is 37 dB, what would be output SNR?

a. 18.5 dB

b. 34 dB

c. 40 dB

d. 74 dB

22. What is the limit of Eb/No, below which reliable communication is not possible?

a. – 10 dB

b. – 1.6 dB

c. 0 dB

d. 1.6 dB

23. A satellite communication link has uplink C/No of 50 dB-Hz and downlink C/No of 47 dB-Hz. What would be overall link C/No?

a. 44 dB-Hz

b. 45 dB-Hz

c. 48. dB-Hz

d. 53 dB-Hz

24. A signal transmitted from an Earth station bounces back from a geostationary satellite, with an altitude of 35864 km from the Earth surface. The range from the Earth station, is 38200 km. The round trip time is about (excluding processing delays and assuming C = 3x10

^{8}m/s)

a. 255 ms

b. 127 ms

c. 239 ms

d. 120 ms

25. 1 mW in dBm is

a. 0 dBm

b. – 30 dBm

c. 30 dBm

d. 1 dBm

26. Which of the following is not true?

a. MPEG-4 is a source coding technique

b. Channel coding gives coding gain at the expense of bandwidth

c. source coding/decoding is done to remove errors

d. concatenated coding gives usually good performance

27. The following finite state machine (FSM) is used to detect a particular pattern in input data stream. Whenever the pattern is matched at input, output is set to ‘1’ or else output is cleared to ‘0’. For which of the following data stream, output goes to ‘1’ twice?

28. A digital signal processing system is described by the expression:

Y(n) = 2x(n) + x(n-1) + 2y(n-1). The system is

a. A stable FIR filter

b. A stable IIR filter

c. An unstable FIR filter

d. An unstable IIR filter

29. The rectangular window has relative side-lobe level:

a. – 13 dB

b. – 27 dB

c. – 32 dB

d. – 43 dB

30. Consider the discrete time signal x(n) = {1,1,1,1,0.5,0.5}. y(n) = conv(δ(n-1), x(n)) is

a. 1

b. δ(n-1)

c. x(n-1)

d. 5

31. Consider a sequence x(n) = [2,4,6,8,0,1,3,5,7,9]. Down-sample the sequence by 3 and then up-sampling by 2. The resulting sequence is

32. Power consumed in a CMOS circuit operating at frequency f is proportional to

a. V

_{cc}

b. V

_{cc}.f

c. V

_{cc}

^{2}.f

d. V

_{cc}

^{2}f

^{2}

33. The phase velocity of a plane wave given by E

_{x}= E

_{o}cos(ωt-βz) with a frequency of 5 GHz and a wavelength in the material medium of 3 cm is

a. 3 x 10

^{8}m/sec

b. 1.5 x 10

^{8}m/sec

c. 5 x 10

^{8}m/sec

d. None

34. If the reflected wave at the load of a transmission line is 20 dB below the incident wave, the SWR at the load is

a. 1.5

b. 1.22

c. 3.0

d. 4.0

35. The highest frequency for which a circular coaxial transmission line having outer diameter = 3.1 mm and inner diameter = 1.3 mm can be operated in pure TEM mode (assuming free space medium between the two conductors) should be less than:

a. 12.2 GHz

b. 18.6 GHz

c. 26.5 GHz

d. 43.4 GHz

36. In a communication system at 300 MHz, the receiving antenna gain is 8 dBi, the transmitting antenna gain is 10 dBi and the transmitting power level is 25 watts, the distance between the transmitter and the receiver is 1 km, the power received at the receiving antenna port (assuming the propagation medium is loss less)

a. 1 mW

b. 9.97 µW

c. 99.7 nW

d. 0.0997 nW

37. A rectangular waveguide with air medium has dimensions a=22.86 mm and b=10.6 mm is fed by 3 GHz carrier from a coaxial cable, which of the following is false statement for TE

_{01}mode?

a. Propagating mode

b. Non-propagating mode

c. Propagating mode in case filled fully with dielectric material of proper dielectric constant

d. None of the above

38. TM

_{01}mode in rectangular perfect metallic waveguide is

a. Propagating mode

b. Evanescent mode

c. Non-existent mode

d. None of the above

39. The directivity of a prime-focal parabolic reflector antenna is 30 dBi. If the efficiency of the antenna is 50%, the gain of the antenna is

a. 27 dBi

b. 33 dBi

c. 25 dBi

d. 80 dBi

40. Ratio of skin depths of an electromagnetic wave inside the conductor for the corresponding frequencies at 4 GHz and 9 GHz, considering the same material properties for both the frequencies is:

a. 9:4

b. 4:9

c. 3:2

d. 2:3

41. A cassegrain reflector antenna has a sub-reflector whose geometric shape is

a. paraboloid

b. Hyperboloid

c. Ellipsoid

d. Spherical

42. The beam-width and the directivity of an antenna are

a. directly proportional

b. Indirectly proportional

c. Independent of each other

d. Equal

43. A lossless transmission line with characteristic impedance Z

_{o}= 50 ohm is 30 m long and operates at 2 MHz. The line is shorted at the load, if the phase velocity = 0.6 times the velocity of light, the input impedance of the line is

44. Two microwave sub-systems having respective return loss of 10 dB and 20 dB are cascaded together, the return loss at the input of the integrated system is

a. 9.63 dB

b. 15.36 dB

c. 21.12 dB

d. 25.23 dB

45. A parabolic reflector antenna used for reception of data is 1 meter in diameter and operates at 30 GHz. The far field distance of this antenna for a quadratic phase error of 22.5 degree is

a. 200 meter

b. 50 meter

c. 100 meter

d. 150 meter

46. A potential field is given by Φ = 2xy

^{2}– 3y

^{2}z.

47. The VSWR of a microwave unit is 1.5, the return loss is

a. 14 dB

b. 16 dB

c. 18 dB

d. 11 dB

48. In two wire transmission line, two consecutive voltage minima and found at 20.6 cm and 25.6 cm. The operating frequency is

a. 3.5 GHz

b. 3 GHz

c. 1 GHz

d. 2.5 GHz

49. A TEM mode transmission line is having distributed circuit parameters as R = 1 Ω/m, L = 200 nH/m, G = 300 µS/m, C = 60 pF, the line is

a. Loss less

b. Lossy

c. Distortion less

d. None of the above

50. A plane wave E = 100sin(ωt-10x) V/m in a loss less medium with µ = 4µ

_{o}, ε = ε

_{o}, the reflection co-efficient is

a. 0.5

b. 0.25

c. 0.1

d. 0.2

51. What is the functionality of following digital circuit? A is input data, CLK is system clock and Y is output.

a. Falling edge detection of input A

b. Clock division by 2

c. Rising edge detection of input A

d. Clock division by 4

52. A loss less transmission line has the distributed circuit parameters of inductance and capacitance per meter as 625 nH/m and 64 pF/m respectively, the phase constant of the lien at 100 MHz is

a. 3.97 rad/m

b. 18.42 rad/m

c. 1.56 rad/m

d. 9.21 rad/m

53. In the circuit if C

_{1}= 2 µF and C

_{2}= 3 µF, the equivalent capacitance between points A and B is

a. 4 µF

b. 3 µF

c. 1 µF

d. 2 µF

54. If n number of MOSFETs with identical W/L is connected in series, then equivalent W/L is given by

a. (W/L)*n

b. (W/L) / n

c. (W/L)* n

^{2}

d. (W/L)/ n

^{2}

55. Which resource of FPGA implements combinational logic functionality?

a. Block RAM

b. Configurable Logic Block (CLB)

c. Routing Switch Matrix

d. All of the above

56. What will be the content of accumulator, register B and overflow flag (OV) after execution of following 8051 micro-controller assembly code?

57. Average value of the waveform is

a. 8 volts

b. 20 volts

c. 10 volts

d. 4 volts

58. Main function of Helix structure in a Travelling Wave Tube (TWT) amplifier is

a. To reduce axial velocity of RF field

b. To reduce noise figure of TWT

c. To properly focus electron beam

d. To reduce axial velocity of electron

59. Which of memory has constraint of minimum operating clock frequency?

a. EEPROM

b. Static RAM (SRAM)

c. Dynamic RAM (DRAM)

d. Magneto – resistive RAM (MRAM)

60. Equivalent circuit of a FET is shown in the figure below, where r

_{g}= 100 Ω, C

_{gs}= 0.1 pF and g

_{m}= 0.1 mho. For load resistance r

_{L}= 500 Ω, the voltage gain at 1 GHz is

a. 50

b. 30

c. 20

d. 100

61. Which of the following is TRUE for an NMOS transistor operating in linear region?

a. V

_{DS}< (V

_{GS}– V

_{T})

b. V

_{DS}> (V

_{GS}– V

_{T})

c. V

_{GS}< V

_{T}

d. V

_{GS}= 0

62. Gain and NF of a single stage amplifier is 10 dB and 3 dB respectively. When two such amplifiers cascaded then gain and NF of the cascaded amplifier will be:

a. 20 dB, 3.2 dB

b. 20 dB, 6.0 dB

c. 13 dB, 3.6 dB

d. 13 dB, 3.7 dB

63. Magnitude of input impedance of a λ/8 lossless 50Ω transmission line terminated with 25 Ω is

a. 100 Ω

b. 25 Ω

c. 50 Ω

d. None of the above

64. Pipelining technique is used in microprocessor to improve which of the following parameter?

a. Power dissipation

b. Interrupt Latency

c. Die size

d. Maximum clock frequency

65. In case of an ideal Class-F microwave power amplifier, time domain voltage and current waveform of the device have

a. 50% overlap

b. Maximum overlap

c. No overlap

d. Less than 80% overlap

66. Reason for superior high frequency performance of metal – semiconductor diode compared to PN junction diode is

a. Higher conductivity of metal compared to semiconductor

b. No minority carrier storage effect in metal-semiconductor diode

c. Metal semiconductor junction does not rectify RF signal

d. Hole is the majority carrier in Schottky barrier diode operation

67. Which of the following diodes is most suitable for detection of microwave signal?

a. PIN diode

b. Schottky barrier diode

c. Varactor diode

d. PN junction diode

68. Which device is suitable for higher order RF frequency multiplier?

a. PIN diode

b. PN junction diode

c. BJT

d. Step recovery diode

69. Input reflection coefficient ‘S11’ of the 2-port network for 50 Ω system is

70. The graph below shows operating load line and I-V characteristics of a Schottky diode at two different RF power levels. Under this bias condition RF resistance of the diode

a. Remains constant with the RF power level

b. Decreases with the increase of RF power level

c. Increases with the increase in RF power level

d. None of the above

71. A BJT is having common emitter current gain 100. Considering 10 volts supply and V

_{BE}= 0.7 volts, what will be the value of R

_{C}and R

_{B}to set the quiescent point at I

_{C}= 10 mA and V

_{CE}= 8 volts?

72. Which statement is false about microstrip line over stripline?

a. Less radiative

b. Easier for component integration

c. One sided grounded plane

d. More interaction with neighbouring circuit element

73. A high gain MESFET packaged device of case to channel thermal resistance f the device is 4.5 oC/Watt provides 8Watt RF output power taking 20 Watt DC power. What will be the channel temperature of the device, if the case temperature of the device maintained at 55oC?

a. 109

^{o}C

b. 145

^{o}C

c. 59.5

^{o}C

d. 91

^{o}C

74. For a class-A FET power amplifier with 10 volts drain supply and 2 Amp drain current bias providing RF load current of 1 Amp amplitude. What is the DC to RF efficiency for load resistance of 5Ω?

a. 50%

b. 25%

c. 35%

d. 12.5%

75. DC to RF efficiency of an ideal class-F amplifier is

a. 100%

b. 78.4%

c. 50%

d. < 80%

76. A unilateral transistor has an output impedance Z

_{out}= (10 – j10)Ω. Value of the series and shunt components of the matching network for complex conjugate match at the output of the device to 50Ω load are

77. A communication channel is having a bandwidth of 3000 Hz. The transmitted power is such that the received signal to noise ratio is 1023. The maximum data rate that can be transmitted error free through the channel is

a. 3 kbps

b. 30 kbps

c. 3 Mbps

d. 300 kbps

78. A CDMA system requires E

_{b}/I

_{o}of 10 dB. Each of the transmitters in the network transmits data at the rate of 1 Kbps with a PN chip rate of 1 Mbps. The maximum number of such users that the network can support is

a. 20

b. 30

c. 1000

d. 100

79. Laplace transform of e

^{θ}

^{t}sin(ωt) is

80. Under steady state condition, the energy stored in the circuit is

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